Foods to Avoid With Kidney Disease

KidneyOur kidneys can help discharge metabolic wastes and toxins as well as excessive water and electrolytes out of the body.  However, for patients suffering from kidney problems, they need to be more careful with what they eat since improper diets will put extra strain and burdens to aggravate their kidney functions.

If you have any kidney problem or at high risk of developing renal dysfunction, there are lists of foods that you need to AVOID or at least limit to reduce kidneys’ burden and protect residual kidney functions.

(GOOD) Fresh Vegetables and Fruis

Generally, fresh vegetables and fruits are GOOD for kidney disease patients since most vegetables and fruits are low-protein, high-vitamin and high-fiber.  However if patients have hyperkalaemia, they need to limit those that are high in potassium or it will cause arrhythmia or even heart failure and threaten their life.

(BAD) High-potassium vegetables

  • tomato
  • potato
  • beets
  • spinach
  • avocados, etc.

(BAD) High-potassium fruits

  • banana
  • orange
  • kiwi
  • nectarines
  • prunes
  • dried fruits, etc.

(BAD) Avoid High-Phosphorus Foods

Kidney problems usually will cause excessive building up of phosphorus in the blood and this is very dangerous for the bones and will easily cause osteoporosis and bone fracture.  Therefore, AVOID high-phosphorus foods:

  • chocolate
  • nuts
  • carbonated drinks
  • dairies like milk, soy cheese, soy yogurt, hard cheese, etc.

(BAD) Avoid High-Sodium

AVOID fast foods, restaurant foods, canned foods and highly processed foods if you have any kidney problems since these foods are usually high in sodium which can worsen edema and high blood pressure.

Besides these diet restrictions, there are a lot of GOOD foods for nourishing and protecting the kidneys for both healthy people and kidney disease patients.

(GOOD) Low-potassium fruits and vegetables

  • apple
  • berry
  • plum
  • grapes
  • watermelon
  • lettuce
  • cucumber
  • onion
  • garlic
  • carrots
  • cauliflower
  • broccoli, etc.

(GOOD) Low-phosphorus foods

  • Sherbet
  • lemon-lime soda
  • pasta rice
  • popcorn
  • green beans, etc.

(GOOD) Other beneficial foods

  • fish oil
  • egg white
  • cranberry juice, etc.
Published in: on July 15, 2013 at 3:00 am  Leave a Comment  

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